The Kushano of kushan were one of the five tribes called Yue-chi and Yuezhi that belonged to China. The first capital of Kushan was Peshawar and the second capital was Mathura. The major region of the Kushan Empire was on the way to the Silk Road. Hence, there was a period of prosperity during the Kushan rule. Gold currency was first introduced by the Kushan ruler Vim Cadfises. Golden currencies are called ‘dinars’. Also, Kushano also issued the largest number of copper coins. The list of important kings in the Kushan dynasty were Kujulkadphisus, Sadasankhan, Vimkadphishus, Kanishka, I, Wasisk and Kanishka II.
→ It was the most famous ruler of the Kushan Empire. Which was known for its vast empire. Kanishka started a new Samvat known as Shanka-Samvat from the time of his coronation. In his court, besides poets like Vasumitra, Ashwaghosh, Nagarjuna, Parshva, Charaka, Sangharaksa and Mathar, there were many poets and artists. It expanded its empire to Kashmir, Mathura, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan.
→ The fourth Buddhist association was held at Kundalvan (Kashmir) at the time of Kanishka. Buddhism was divided into two branches, ‘Hinayana and Mahayana’.
→New art styles developed contemporary of Kanishka —-
Two traditions of art, the Mathura style and the Gandhara style, developed greatly in this era.
- Intellect and intelligence under the style developed in Afghanistan and Northwest Pakistan,Figurines of the elements were constructed. This style had a predominantly Greco-Roman influence. But the Gandhara style received patronage during the reign of Kanishka.
- In this style developed in the Godavari river valley (Andhra Pradesh), individuals were depicted with long legs and slender bodies. White marble has been used for sculptures.
- A fragmented idol of Kushan was found in Mathura, wearing a trouser-like dress. Locally available white spotted red sandstone has been used for moths. Most scholars believe that although this style was indigenous, it also had the influence of Gandhar art style. Fowls and beards were not found in figurines. The Gupta rulers were patrons of the Mathura style.